Old Stone Mill, Delta, Ontario
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Our spinning waterwheel. We cheat today, the waterwheel spins due to water delivered to it by a sump pump. The water flow to the mill is controlled by the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry, so we only have what can be let through our pipe for use in the mill.
The original waterwheel was a breastshot wheel, about 12 feet in diametre (our current wheel is 10 feet in diametre), the water arriving near the centre of the wheel. There was about 7 feet of head that provided the hydraulic power to the wheel. The wheel was originally connected with gearing to supply power to the entire mill.
Waterwheel power was replaced by turbine power (in the adjacent purpose built turbine shed) in the early 1860s.
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